The islamic golden was inaugurated by the middle of the 8th century by the ascension of the abbasid caliphate and the transfer of the capital from damascus to baghdad. The abbasids were influenced by the quranic injunctions and hadith such as ‘the ink of scientist is more holy then the blood of martyrs’ stressing the value of knowledge.

During this periode the muslim world became the unrivaled intellectual center for science, philosophy, medicine and education as the abbasids championed the cause of knowledge and established a ‘house of wisdom’ in baghdad. Were both muslim and non muslim scholars souht to translate and gather all the world’s knowledge into arabic.

Many classic works of antiquity that would otherwise have been lose were translated into arabic and later in turn translated into turkish, persian, hebrew and latin.

During this periode the muslim world was a cauldron of cultures which collected, synthesized and significantly advance the knowledge gained from the ancient roman, chinese, indian, persian, egyptian, north african, greek, and byzantine civilazations.

The Abbasid Empire, ca 900 C

The Abbasid Empire, ca 900 C

Dikutip dari buku History of Islam (Daar el Qolam Press)

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